Low back pain is an incredibly prevalent condition that an overwhelming majority of people will experience at least once in their lifetime. Low back pain is not a condition on its own, but rather is considered to be a symptom that may relate to a number of different conditions. Some of the common causes of low back pain are:

  • Muscular sprain or strain
  • Reduced exercise or physical activity levels
  • Degenerative changes within the lumbar spine
  • Periods of immobilisation following illness or surgery
  • Smoking
  • Increased stress levels


Injury or damage to the structures in the low back can result in both local and peripheral pain. While it is important to address injury to the physical structures in the low back, it is also important to recognise that increased stress levels can have a negative effect on the amount of low back pain that is experienced. Treatment methods addressing low back pain may include:

  • Therapeutic massage
  • Joint mobilisation within the lumbar spine
  • Strengthening of the muscles that provide stability to the low back
  • Stretching the muscle around the low back to assist in pain relief
  • Techniques such as mindfulness meditation or yoga to address stress levels
  • Discussing changes that could be made to reduce stress levels with a counsellor or psychologist
  • Increasing general physical activity


While low back pain can range in intensity from mild to severe, it is important to remember that continuing to move and stay active within a pain free range can significantly reduce the severity of low back pain.