A cortisone injection is a common procedure that may be undertaken for many types of musculoskeletal pain. The injection usually involves a corticosteroid which is a type of anti-inflammatory drug as well as a local anesthetic to assist with pain relief. 

It is important to understand that the primary goal of a cortisone injection is to reduce inflammation and secondarily to reduce pain. This is important to remember, as it has no direct effect on healing. If you are having pain that is inflammatory and longstanding and a cortisone injection relieves your pain, it is easy to forget to rehabilitate your condition appropriately. This may result in a recurrence of the injury that potentially returns more stubbornly as a result of further overuse.

It is highly important in many conditions, particularly those that involve tendons that an individual seeks rehabilitation prior to trialing a cortisone injection. This is because in recent times research has revealed that inflammation is rarely the key factor in tendon related pain and repeated injections of cortisone can weaken a tendon further.

If an issue is resistant to local treatment a cortisone injection can be a great choice of relatively non-invasive treatment if your General Practitioner suggests you are suitable. A cortisone injection should rarely be used as a standalone treatment, therefore it is always best to consult your General Practitioner about what appropriate follow up care you should receive to assist in avoiding further injuries and achieving the best long term outcomes.